by Piotr Kozak
Supported by the research results (Dumont et al. 2010) and taking into account the socio-economic transformations, one could elaborate seven basic and inter-related guidelines for modern education (learning).
First, the educational (learning) environment should focus on the students (the learners) as the core participants of the process, should encourage their active engagement and develop the understanding of one’s action as a learner. Thus, the educational environments should inspire focusing on the students who are the main participants of the learning process. Learning-oriented environments encourage the self-regulation of students, which means that they incite the development of meta-cognitive skills that enable the learners to monitor, to assess and to optimize the acquisition and the use of knowledge (De Corte 2010), developing as well the regulation skills of one’s emotions and motivations in the learning process (Boekaertes 2010; Hinton and Fischer 2010). Additionally, a large number of researchers (William 2010: 327) draws our attention to the fact that the role of the teacher should undergo a certain transformation: a teacher should cease to be a “sage on the stage” and to become “guide on the side”.